There is no resource on Earth more precious than fresh water. Only 3 percent of the water on Earth is fresh water, and of that 3 percent, only 1 percent is suitable for drinking. With groundwater pollution being a serious problem for the environment, it’s important to be aware of groundwater treatments that can help areas get clean water. Almost 70 percent of industrial waste is dumped into water bodies where they pollute the water supply. To make matters even worse, almost 80 percent of hazardous waste sites in the United States have impacted the ground water located around them. This article looks at why groundwater remediation is so important for the environment.
- Reversing Damage to the Environment: Treating polluted groundwater is essential for groundwater management. Pollutants can come from a variety of sources, and if not given proper treatment, the groundwater in what are termed “brownfield” areas can be rendered permanently unusable for any purpose. The biggest reason groundwater remediation is so important is that it can eventually reverse the damage done by pollutants introduced to the water supply and eventually return the ground water to an acceptable state. And by reversing the damage done to groundwater, it can also help damage done to the environment as a whole.
- Preserving the Water Supply for Residents: Groundwater remediation is also important because almost half of the United States population receive their drinking water from a groundwater source. As has been seen with the ongoing water crisis in Flint, Michigan, if the water supply for even a single town is contaminated, it can have catastrophic and costly results for the inhabitants. Through treatment, this essential supply of water can remain safe for human consumption and prevent the residents from having to rely on expensive bottled water for their supply of drinking water.
- Removing Natural Contaminants: A third benefit of groundwater remediation is that it can also remove natural contaminants from the water supply. Water can be impacted by naturally occurring pollutants as well as man-made waste. By pumping and then purifying groundwater, supplies of fresh water can be made even larger than they were before.
In conclusion, there are many important benefits that can come from groundwater remediation. One is that treating tainted groundwater can slowly reduce damage done to the environment. Another is that groundwater remediation helps to preserve existing water supplies, as a large portion of the population depends on groundwater for their drinking water. And finally, groundwater remediation can also remove natural contaminants from the water. All of these reasons show that treating contaminated groundwater is vitally important if we wish to preserve what little fresh water is available.