Fresh water is without a doubt the most important resource on the planet. Only 3 percent of the water on Earth is fresh water. And of that 3 percent, only 1 percent is suitable for drinking. Because fresh water is so precious, it’s essential to engage in groundwater remediation whenever possible to help keep the water supply clean. Groundwater remediation refers to a number of processes that can be used to treat polluted groundwater by either removing the contaminants entirely, or converting the pollutants into something harmless. These solutions for groundwater contamination are all important because they allow areas to get clean water. Here are three techniques for performing groundwater contamination remediation.
- Bioremediation: One technique for performing groundwater remediation is to use a process known as bioremediation. This refers to a series of techniques where specific microorganisms are induced to grow in a specific environment. These microorganisms are designed to take out specific pollutants and thereby make groundwater safe to drink.
- Chemical Treatment: As its name implies, chemical treatment for groundwater remediation involves introducing chemical products into the water system. These chemicals, while safe for human consumption, also work on certain pollutants to render them harmless. Among the chemicals that can be used for this process are activated carbon, which works by forcing the contaminants to bind with the carbon at an atomic level. Chemical treatment of groundwater is relatively common.
- Physical Treatment: The third technique for performing groundwater remediation is to use physical treatment processes. One such process involves pumping the contaminated water out of the ground and mixing it with specific treatments to remove impurities. Another physical process involves using a high-vacuum system to directly remove contaminated groundwater from the water supply. By and large the most common physical means to treat groundwater is to physically pump it out of the ground before treating it.
In conclusion, groundwater remediation is an incredibly important procedure for cleaning up groundwater that has been contaminated by pollutants. There are at least three solutions for groundwater to be cleaned. The first solution involves using bioremediation, followed by chemical treatment and physical treatment of contaminated groundwater. All of these processes involve removing contaminants from the water by a variety of means. The end result is always the same however; the contaminants are removed and the water left is now safe to be consumed.